NSCOE activities are focused on the assessment, strengthening and improvement of the above three elements, in order to maintain continuously effective national nuclear security measures, and to have technical capabilities and staff competencies of the implementing authorities that meet the existing needs and requirements. Otherwise speaking, NSCOE aims to encourage and support efforts of responsible authorities to ensure sustainability of the national nuclear security regime.

The key features (principles) a sustainable nuclear security regime are as follows:

  1. Recognition of the importance of a nuclear security regime on the national level and the obligation to develop and implement the national nuclear security regime; designation of responsible authorities, maintaining their motivation and allocating the relevant resources required to meet their objectives;
  2. Development and continuous reviewing of a legal framework with respect to the international commitments of the state and its threat assessment results; continuous assessment and adjustment of effectiveness of the legal regulations and procedures in force;
  3. Assigning roles and responsibilities to competent authorities; allocating the relevant administrative, technical and human resources to them required to meet their objectives;
  4. Continuous threat assessment and application of a differentiated approach to the development of nuclear security measures and infrastructure to reduce the probability of undesirable incidents (differentiated approach to security means the development and review of technical and other measures with respect to results of the existing threat assessment, relative attractiveness of illegal activities, the nature of the material and its potential effects related to illegal turnover or possession of nuclear and other radioactive material, a terror act involving the material or directed against the related facilities);
  5. A mechanism of interagency interoperability and activity coordination, to prevent systematic gaps, and to ensure coordination of nuclear safety and security interests; ensured effective interagency cooperation; effective use of resources and prevention of duplication of functions;
  6. Continuous development of human resources to meet competent staff needs at authorities implementing measures of the nuclear security regime;
  7. Long-term programmes for development, upgrading, maintenance and repairs of technical equipment aimed at ensuring access to and reliability of specialised technical equipment, as well as maintaining its good status of health as long as possible;
  8. Robust nuclear security culture when responsible authorities continuously foster and encourage personal characteristics, attitudes, principles and behaviours of employees required for motivated and quality discharging of their functions and ensuring their vigilance and loyalty;
  9. Regular and planned assessment of nuclear security measures, their improvement and updating subject to the nature of changing threats, new technological solutions and other changes.