Once the nuclear security incident has occurred and the responsible agency has assessed and re-confirmed the fact of the incident, the response system should be activated immediately. The response activities are focused on:
- To intercept ongoing illicit activity and to regain control of stolen, trafficked or used nuclear and radioactive materials
- To reduce/ minimize harmful consequences of the nuclear security event occurred;
- To investigate the incident and to give a legal assessment of the case.
Response function that should be performed by the assigned law enforcement institutions is very specific and complex due to possible radiological hazard on the spot. Therefore, this requires personnel‘ special knowledge and skills that need to be developed and enhanced during the training and tested at the exercises.